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Drug Addiction

The most recent studies on drug addiction show that the number of teenagers that started using drugs has increased alarmingly. Statistics show that in recent years, the average age of drug users decreased from 20-25 years to 15 years.

What is drug addiction?

According to the World Health Organization, drug addiction represents a periodic state of intoxication caused by the consumption of narcotics of different types. Addiction is installed very quickly, sometimes even after the first injection, such as, for example, for heroin. A dependent life changes radically once you reach this state, turning into an ordeal. Dose drug addict wants always becoming more thinks only how to buy, the body can no longer control who "ask" portion. If not it gets to physically felt a malaise, which may include:

  • nausea, vomiting;
  • weakness throughout the body;
  • joint pain;
  • tremor;
  • abdominal pain.

Psychological addiction as tough and serious as the physical. Like the body, the psyche can not be controlled. Somehow, the addict lives in another world, opposing to the fact they consider unfair. So he withdraws from reality and builds a world maintained drug that gives the illusion that is happy, that there are no conflicts. The psychological profile of young consumers dominate neurotic traits, emotional dependence, intolerance to frustration, anguish of separation, isolation and emotional dependence, irritability, shyness and hypersensitivity.

The consumer wants to make his followers that his personality is recognized and understood. Some authors believe that an addict is, on average, another 60 "victims". At a critical age, teens hope that through this behavior to find safety and identity. Those who study the phenomenon say the narcotics consumers make them "float" to get out of difficulty and feel in control.

Risk factors in drug

There are factors that we can call external as access to drugs, the influence of other people, social conditions, etc. And internal factors that are related to the physical state of the child or adolescent, suffering or inner conflicts, certain feelings of his or his family. way we can approach what addiction means in the real sense and the question of whether there is a physical structure prone to addiction.

Some studies show that drug addiction can be incriminated and genetic factors. If there are such cases in the family, the risk to get addicted teen is three times higher. Also, according to some theories exist that predisposing genetic factors, along with other environmental factors, can lead to drug abuse.

What are the symptoms of an addict?

Several clues may suggest drug use. Among these are:

  • behavior change;
  • school absenteeism;
  • red eyes, "inject"
  • loss of appetite, accompanied by weight loss;
  • loss of interest in learning, but also for friends or hobbies;
  • hostile and sometimes violent behavior;
  • drowsiness, apathy, fatigue;
  • unkempt attire, poor hygiene;
  • disappearance of money or valuables in the house;
  • exits with an entourage unknown, dubious;
  • using a different language, speaking in a specific jargon.

The health effects

Drug use affects the whole body, bringing most of the time, irreversible damage health. Are affected:

  • brain;
  • nervous system;
  • the immune system;
  • liver;
  • heart.

Dangers could be multiple. Stimulants, such as cocaine, increase neural activity, causing chills, headache and hypertension. In the long run, installs insomnia, nausea, weight loss, seizures and depression. Approximately 80% of addicts are infected with hepatitis B. The percentage is similar in the case of HIV infection. An overdose can be deadly.

Drugs affect cognitive functions, thus decreasing the ability to learn and cause severe behavioral disorders. Consumers are isolated from friends, family, are unable to connect, in turn rejects society. The harmful effects are felt so physically, mentally and socially.

Fighting the addiction

Drug addiction treatment is costly and time consuming. According to experts, no one can have the same medical treatment. Therapies are done differently, but surely none can guarantee that in the future there will be no relapse. Generally therapies depth, long-term, seeking to discover the causes and not just to produce a withdrawal are more likely to help the person in the long term.

For a drug addict is not easy to decide to stop using drugs and to undergo treatment and determine causes you to quit are different. The decision to leave depends on the addictive substance they consume, the age of the person, the other aspects of her life, the family to which it belongs and so on. There are addicts who sometimes realize the implications, others are brought by family, others who manage to pay the costs or others suffering from a somatic disease.

Drugs and prevention methods

Regarding prevention methods, there are several education programs in place. In schools anti-drug projects take place which inform teens about the risks they face when trying to consume toxic substances.